In a typical workplace, unbiased health and safety management also covers the employers, just as it covers the employees. Employers are required to provide safe workplace to its constituents while employees are expected to adhere to the rules and regulations brought about and introduced during work orientation. This is usually discussed by a Compensation and Benefits Specialist or anybody from the Human Resource Group. There’s supposed to be a designated health and safety manager assigned to handle relevant issues concerning the workplace conditions as explained in workplace safety certification. These guidelines and standard information are available for perusal anytime through the conformance of Occupational Safety & Health Administration. On top of these, employers are also expected to perform the following:
- Keep the employees informed of the hazards likely to occur in the workplace during health and safety jobs training, precautionary labels, emergency alarms, color codes, chemical information sheets, and similar stuff.
- Bookkeeping and safeguard of medical records related to injuries and illnesses in case an incident affecting an employee happens in the work area where medical history of the patient will immediately become a need.
- Run battery of tests in the workplace ensuring everything in the workplace is safe for workers as mandated by the OSHA standards and other health authorities in case there may arise issues about the work area environment being a risk to the workforce.
- Perform exams and other medical screening procedures to ensure maximum health of all employees which can be detrimental if there are illnesses left unchecked and can likely harm the majority.
- Update bulletins of citations, injuries and illness records, and a poster of OSHA in the company’s visible walls where the majority, if not all of the employees will have the capability to read and review.
- Immediately inform OSHA in the first 8 hours in case a workplace accident happens, when there is death, or when there are three or more employees sent to hospitals for emergency as decided by the company resident doctor or nurse.
- Avoid retaliation or discrimination of employees in case they attempt or they actually use their right against the company which is likely within or under the discretion of the health and safety manager.
The above closures the discussion as to what exactly are the employer’s responsibility in keeping and maintaining occupational health and safety jobs while employees are within the work areas. On the other hand, employees have equally similar responsibilities in adhering to workplace healthy and safety guidance, as well as in performing the expected activities to follow in cases of emergency, dangerous occasions, and hazardous times. Below are the OSHA-approved responsibilities for employees:
- As a worker, you should report work-related cases resulting in injury and illnesses in case your employer fails or declines to do so. The process has it that workers can inform OSHA anytime in case something hazardous happened in the workplace.
- In case of punishment or discrimination from the employer, it is the employee’s responsibility to immediately inform OSHA so necessary sanction will be imposed of after the issue is accordingly dealt with.
- It is an employee’s responsibility to assess working conditions as to whether the workplace is unsafe and unhealthy or otherwise, so necessary actions can be performed by OSHA in order to protect the safety and the common good of the majority.
- The employee has the responsibility of confirming whether the company he or she is engaged with have ever been inspected by OSHA, and if it isn’t, he or she can ask how likely can it be done in order to promote workplace health and safety.
- An employee has the responsibility to know Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code of the company so as to eventually learn and understand the most common industry hazard cited so far.
Both the employer and the employees are supposed to understand every aspect of their workplace rights and its corresponding responsibilities in order to avoid possible workplace bullying or discrimination. At the same time, knowing these things will inhibit both parties to take advantage of unlikable incidents or ignore events that requires immediate attention. At the end of the day, OSHA is just after the health and safety of everyone making a worker-friendly environment possible not only for the company owners, but also for the workforce.
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