Writing An Effective Cause And Effect Essay

A cause and effect essay defines why things happen and what tends to happen next. When you go to write this type of essay, you should explicitly identify the link between the cause and effect on a certain topic/ subject.

In order to establish a relationship between cause and effect, you need to develop a thesis statement that supports your arguments. Here are easy steps to write a cause and effect essay as mentioned below.

  • Step 1: Make a List
  • Before you go to write an essay, it is wise to make a list of all possible causes and effects related to the topic and it helps you get more focused. Make a thorough analysis for each cause and effect in your list and also ascertain how strong the relationships are.

    It can give you a thorough understanding of how things are going to fit together and what sorts of topics do interest you.

  • Step 2: Choose a Topic
  • After analyzing several topics for cause and effect essay, you need to pick a topic that stimulates the readers' interest and build a good argument alongside. It should be interesting enough to make discussion upon. You must make sure that it is based on a connection of reasons.

  • Step 3: Create an Impressive Outline
  • For writing an essay, the first and foremost thing that you need to consider is to develop a stunning outline. It is advisable to do the thorough research, if you do not have the expertise on the topic assigned.

    In writing essay, it is wise to present a phenomenon, trend or event. This will be your 'Cause'.

  • Step 4: Which cause or Effect to Focus Upon
  • After you have chosen a topic, decide which effect or cause you want to elaborate. There are several causes and effects on a certain topic. Practically, it is impossible to cover all aspects in a short essay writing.

  • Step 5: Brainstorm
  • Brainstorm on how you can present your idea in a better fashion. It should be in a way that your readers can apprehend the relationship between the cause and effect of your chosen topic.

  • Step 6: State Your Topic
  • State your Topic clearly and it should be crisp in manner so that readers can understand what you want to convey in the essay. It builds up the main idea of your essay.

  • Step 7: Compose Introduction
  • While you are writing a cause and effect essay, it is important to write an introduction describing the cause and why understanding its effects is quite important. The sole aim of introduction is to state the essay's purpose in a concise manner.

    The conclusion part of introduction paragraph should include a thesis statement.

  • Step 8: Thesis Statement
  • State the essay statement clearly. It should give a complete synopsis of your topic and opinion. It should signify a specific cause and effect relationship in your chosen subject.

  • Step 9: Maintain Logical Connection
  • When you write an academic essay and present the arguments into it, it needs to maintain a logical connection in-between.

    Make sure to well-connect the effect with its cause. Stick to the proper flow of ideas. Make focus on key points.

  • Step 10: Conclusion
  • In the conclusion part, re-state the thesis statement and shows how it supports to a particular cause and effect topic.

    So, in order to get a better understanding how you can write a good cause and effect essay, read out these ten steps as mentioned above.

    How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay on any Topic

    Published 5/9/2013

    What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

    A Cause and Effect essay essay is concerned with why things happen and what happens as a result (effects). Cause and effect is a common method of organizing and discussing ideas.

    When writing your essay, remember your purpose. Decide if your are writing to persuade or inform. Focus on immediate and direct effects. Limit yourself to causes that are close in time and related, as opposed to remote and indirect causes, which occur later and are related indirectly.

    Choosing a Topic for Cause and Effect Essay

    In order to write a good Cause and Effect essay, you need to find a good topic for it, i.e. a topic that lets you easily demonstrate your writing skills and finally get a high grade without thinking too much.

    Althrough choosing the essay topic for cause and effect essay type is not difficult, It’s important you choose the essay topic that is really important for you. Choosing the correct essay topic makes your essay more interesting and successful.

    Here are some examples of pretty good Cause and Effect essay topics:

    The Civil Rights Movement and the Effects

    Causes and Effects of the Popularity of Fast Food Restaurants

    Popularity of Sports in US Internet Influence on kids

    Effects of Pollution

    The Changes in the Ocean

    Using the following links, you can find a lot of good topics for your Cause and Effect essay:

    100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics

    40 Good Cause and Effect Essay Topics – Students’ Choice

    Cause Effect Essay Sample Topics

    40 Writing Topics: Causes and Effects

    Cause and Effect essay structure

    Considering the right structure for your essay is one of the key points of success. Sticking to a recommended essay structure is the only way to properly outline and write it, paragraph by paragraph from the introduction to conclusion, without mistakes.

    Depending on the kind of relation between causes and effects, your essay can be organized by one of the three patterns: "Multiple Causes, One Effect" pattern, "One Cause, Multiple Effects" pattern and "Causal Chain (Domino)" pattern

    Multiple Causes One Effect pattern

    This pattern deals with the situation when one effect is a result of multiple causes.

    It contains five paragraphs: introduction, conclusion, and three paragraphs, each one describing one of the causes, leading to the effect.

    One Cause Multiple Effects

    This pattern should be used when one cause leads to multiple effects.

    It contains five paragraphs: introduction, conclusion, and three paragraphs, each one describing one of the effects, the cause is leading to.

    Causal Chain (Domino)

    Sometimes a cause leads to a situation and that situation leads to another situation and so on.

    This is called a causal chain or domino effect.

    Causal chain pattern contains seven paragraphs: introduction, conclusion, and five paragraphs, each one describing one causal link.

    After choosing an essay pattern, now all you need is to write your cause and effect essay, on any topic, according to your pattern’s structure. Also, be sure to read the A+ writing tips for a cause and effect essay on any topic below. Follow these instructions and you will write a high grading cause and effect essay.

    Writing an A+ Cause and Effect Essay


    In a Cause and Effect essay, the introduction is very important. It gives the reader his/her first impression of the text.

    First of all, provide background information. Than state your essay’s thesis.

    In "Multiple Causes, One Effect" pattern, enumerate the causes / causes groups leading to this effect. For example:

    Hunger is a result of many reasons such as poverty, models of development and consumption, violence and militarism.

    In "One Cause, Multiple Effects" pattern, enumerate the effects / effect groups of the cause. For example:

    TV was also invented with positive thoughts in mind – there would be no national borders, education and communication would be worldwide, etc. However, we are now trying to overcome its physiological and psychological adverse effects on human beings.

    In "Causal Chain (Domino)" pattern, state that the first cause in the chain leads to the final effect. For example:

    Let’s see how the use of popular deodorants can bring the end of world.

    Multiple Causes, One Effect – Cause Paragraph

    Clearly state the cause

    One of the main causes of hunger is poverty – lack of purchasing power and access to resources.

    Support the cause by two supports – major and minor

    Poverty is linked not only with poor national economic performance but also with an unequal distribution of income and a political structure that renders poor people powerless, whether in a democracy or a dictatorship.

    While writing, these supporting ideas should be adequately explained and exemplified as well.

    Globally, incomes and consumption differ starkly. Twenty percent of the world’s population – mostly in industrial countries – receives 85 percent of the world’s income and accounts for 80 percent of consumption, producing two-thirds of all greenhouse gases and 90 percent of ozone - depleting chlorofluorocarbons. This level of consumption is not sustainable at the global level.

    Use appropriate transitions

    To blend details smoothly, use the transitional words and phrases listed below:

    because, due to, on cause is, another is, since, for, first, second

    One Cause, Multiple Effects – Effect Paragraph

    Clearly state the effect

    One of the physiological effects of watching TV in excessive amounts is eye-strain.

    Explain it in details

    It is true that there are specifications for watching TV; TV should be 5 m. away from the eye, the room should be adequately lit, TV should be placed at the same height with our eyes, etc. However, these do not prevent our eyes from getting tired if we keep watching TV for a long time.

    If it’s a group of effects consequently explain each effect:

    Another effect is obesity, which is widely observed in people who like watching TV and eating snacks everyday (there is even a term “TV snacks” to refer to fast food that is suitable for eating in front of the TV). TV is such a powerful machine that people cannot get away from it – it is addictive.

    Use appropriate transitions

    To blend details smoothly, use the transitional words and phrases listed below:

    consequently, as a result, thus, resulted in, one result is, another is, therefore

    Causal Chain (Domino) – Causal Link Paragraph

    Keep in mind the causal chain

    deodorants contain chlorofluorocarbon gases ->
    this gas destroys the ozone layer ->
    unfiltered ultraviolet rays melt icebergs ->
    the sea-level rises -> sea covers the land -> end of the world.

    In each paragraph you deal with one cause / effect entry

    Clearly state the cause and the effect

    Chlorofluorocarbon gases cause the ozone layer to become thinner and finally disappear in patches

    Explain the link in details

    Years of deforestation and pollution have slowly but steadily damaged the atmosphere and depleted the ozone layer. Refrigerators and air conditioners, for example, emit harmful Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) which cause the depletion of the ozone layer, which results in Global warming.

    Use appropriate transition terms

    To blend details smoothly, use transitional terms, such as those listed below:

    because, due to, on cause is, another is, since, for, first, second, consequently, as a result, thus, resulted in, one result is, another is, therefore


    The conclusion of a cause and effect essay is one of the more important essay components. Without a solid ending, the earlier analysis could fall flat, no matter how well written the ideas were.

    Restate (do not repeat) the thesis

    Global warming is the result of human negligence. Years of deforestation and pollution have slowly but steadily damaged the atmosphere and depleted the ozone layer.

    Consider the implications

    Put yourself in your reader’s shoes and ask yourself what needs to be said to finish things up in a clear, concise way. What things need to be addressed in order to wrap things up?

    You may explain how your conclusion should be practically used; express your hopes as you look to the future; issue a call for action, etc.:

    To reduce Global warming we need to control the air pollution, the emission of the harmful gases and factory smoke. We need to respect and protect our environment so that we have safe and healthy air to breathe and we can live in a clean atmosphere.

    Finalizing your Work

    Pay attention that even though your essay is fully written, it still isn’t ready to submission.

    There are some common and annoying mistakes which may significantly harm your grade. However, you can avoid those grade lowering mistakes by completing the following checklist:

    • Check spelling and grammar
    • Ensure that your essay is fully compliant with the required formatting standard
    • Properly organize all the citations and the References / Works Cited page
    • Ensure that your title page is done as required
    • Take a final look at your paper to be certain that everything is indeed fine

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